Teacher research focuses on the development of contextually-situated local ways of knowing.
Jack Whitehead, a professor from the University of Bath in England, believes that educational practitioners "at some time have asked themselves questions of the kind, 'How do I improve my practice?', and will have endeavoured to improve some aspect of their practice. I believe that a systematic reflection on such a process provides insights into the nature of the descriptions and explanations which we would accepted as valid accounts of our educational development. I claim that a living educational theory will be produced from such accounts."
Based on an essay written by Jack Whitehead on Living Theory, graduate students in the UK and Canada engage in systematic reflection from contextually-situated ways of knowing